Tyre and Southern Lebanon are wonderful Paradises for Tourists
Before we talk about the importance of Tyre and southern Lebanon now in the world of tourism, we must first have a talk about its history. Mostly, it is the ancient history that gives countries and cities their strong tourist status. Tyre, in particular, was, since the dawn of history, a city of strategic importance due to its distinguished geographical location on an island of great magnificence in the Mediterranean, in addition to what it was famous for in the past, which is the violet dye that existed in the past only with snails in its waters.
How to reach the Lebanese city of Tyre?
The best way to reach the Lebanese city of Tyre is to head south from Sidon towards the Litany River, via a dedicated road. By the way, the city of Tyre is not more than 80 kilometers away from the Lebanese capital, Beirut.
Historical Background of Tyre
As we mentioned, when you decide to visit any tourist city, you must be aware of its history, which contributes in one way or another to the presence of many monuments and tourist attractions in the city. Tyre, specifically Lebanese, dates back to the third century BC. But Tyre did not appear as a strong entity in the past until the tenth century BC. It is the period in which Hiram ruled the city of Tyre and was able to make a powerful empire out of it.
The greatest evidence of Tyre’s military and civilizational strength is undoubtedly represented in the colonies it established in Carthage in the western Mediterranean, where Tunisia and Algeria are now. Tyre also has a cultural significance for other civilizations in the past. This cultural impact is represented in the fact that it was Tyre that taught the Greeks the alphabet, to then show their language known to the world and write in it the various sciences that were part of the great civilization of the Greeks.
Welcome to you, what is the strongest impact of the civilization of Tyre, which is that the name of the sister of one of its kings was named for the continent of Europe. Europe is a name from the Lebanese city of Tyre, then. Indeed, in the year 1991, the strength of the civilization of this city was more confirmed by what was found there of jewelry and antique utensils in one of the Phoenician cemeteries, which attest to the greatness of that city.
In view of the importance enjoyed by the city of Tyre, it has had successive invaders throughout the ages. So the giants besieged it for years, like Nebuchadnezzar. It was also occupied by Alexander the Great, and as a punishment for Tyre’s resistance, he killed most of its inhabitants and took them captive in one of the strongest pages of the bloody history of the city of Tyre.
This bloody history was followed by the Greek occupation of the city for a period of three centuries. Then soon the Romans replaced the Greeks. During these periods, many monuments and monuments were built in the city, some of which still remain today, making the city of Tyre a tourist destination that attracts visitors from all over the world.
In the sixth century AD, the city’s appointment was with Islamic rule. During this period, the city was famous for its glass and sugar industries. It was also famous for making carpets and gold and silver ornaments. Then it was after that the Crusades to be occupied by the Europeans for nearly a century. Then it returned to Islamic rule again through the Mamluks, then the Ottoman Empire, and after that the First World War broke out, after which the establishment of a new independent state was declared that included many Levantine cities, including the city of Tyre. It is the state of Lebanon.
The most important thing you can visit in the Lebanese city of Tyre
The first district in the city of Tyre
In view of the large area of the city, we decided, in order for our article to be an ideal guide for tourists, to divide the city geographically into regions, the first of which are those located between the Bass camp for Palestinians there and even the entrance to the city itself. There you will find many wonderful monuments such as the barrier built by Alexander the Great when he entered the city, arches and a hippodrome. It will be a wonderful tour there without a doubt.
It is one of the most beautiful archaeological sites in the Lebanese city of Tyre. This is not only because of its vast area, nor even because it retains many of its features, although it dates back to the Roman era. Rather, its status is also due to its wonderful design, in the middle of which is a church with many holdings that pilgrims placed on its walls. Thus, the tour included thousands of wonderful views and explorations, as well as beautiful historical stories related to the place that you can go between seven in the morning until approximately seven in the evening, after you pay, of course, a ticket to enter.
Arc of Triumph
It is an archaeological landmark located in the first area that we have already referred to at the top of the article. As it was built of limestone in the city of Tyre in the second century AD. Although this arc was exposed to an earthquake in the fifth or sixth century approximately. However, it still maintains its shape, especially after it was restored earlier. Do not miss taking souvenir photos of him while also roaming the Roman road that is located near him. The traces of the old wheels are still present on the stone slabs with which it was paved.
The pedestrian road in the Lebanese city of Tyre, in the first region
It is a path in which you can roam to see the Roman inscriptions on both sides of it on the one hand, while taking pictures of the wonderful canal that is located near it. It is preferable to have a tour guide with you to show you the history of the place and everything related to it.
The Byzantine Road
It is a road located in the first region of Tire that has been paved with limestone. It is distinguished by the fact that there is a cemetery near it with many decorated coffins that you will undoubtedly enjoy watching and photographing. As well as getting acquainted with everything related to the region of historical events dating back to between the second century until the fifth century AD, which is the date of the presence of these monuments in the place.
It is one of the landmarks in the first district of Tire. When you visit it, you can wander inside it, its garden, its yard, and the surrounding cemeteries.
It is one of the historical monuments also located in the first region of Tire. You will find the tourist attraction as a tall building with a sarcophagus. And do not forget to learn about the history of the place, which dates back to the second century AD, through the tour guide there.
It is a tourist attraction consisting of 12 burial chambers built on three levels with four openings covered with limestone and its floor covered with mosaics. You will be very happy to explore it fully. As well as by exploring the small hall, the fountain, the entrance, and the floor covered with marble.
It is characterized by its diversity and does not belong to a specific period of time, but rather to different periods. Thus, your tour of the place is as if it were a tour between the various eras. You will enjoy a lot when doing this tourism activity in Tire in particular.
The Second District of Tire
This is the old part of the city where there are many buildings dating back to the Roman and Byzantine eras. Rather, there are also landmarks dating back to the era of the ancient Phoenicians.
It is the most beautiful in the second district in the City of Tyre. So we had to start our conversation with that region without a doubt. As it is despite the collapse of its marble floors. However, it is still in good condition. Which means that you will see a lot of designs and shapes of buildings there.
There you will find wonderful houses decorated with mosaics and marble. Just be aware when you decide to roam the place that the streets there are narrow. Make your wanderings suitable for the nature of the region.
It consists of two narrow paths paved with limestone. One of them brings you north to the modern city of Tyre. The other one will take you west towards the Crusader cathedral. However, due to the magnificence of the scenery in those alleys, it is considered one of the tourist places that you enter after paying an entry ticket. It is also not open all the time. Rather, it is available for roaming and visiting only from eight in the morning until half past seven in the evening in the summer or until six in the evening in the winter.
It is a factory for the purple dye that Tire was famous for until very recently. As it was built in the second century AD. You will be able to roam inside it, especially since it has a reasonable size and is surrounded by very beautiful granite columns. You will never stop contemplating and photographing it.
The Third District in the City of Tyre
Here, the area is not limited to Roman and Greek monuments only, but there is also a church dating back to the period of Crusader rule. As well as the place where the coronation of the kings of Jerusalem took place. There is also the tomb of Frederick Barbarossa, along with many other tourist places that will surely fascinate you when you visit it.
There you will enjoy roaming the antique market. Taking pictures of an old house that was inhabited by one of the noble Ottoman families. Therefore, it is the first thing you should go to, dear tourist, when you are in the third region of Tire, which we have previously referred to.
In the third region of the Lebanese city of Tyre, for example but not limited to, there are: a Shiite Mosque, and two towers dating back to the Crusader era, one of which is equipped with a garden and the other near a lighthouse, as well as the port of Sidon and the Christian quarter, which you will enjoy wandering in its narrow streets and taking pictures of its buildings well-established.